Advanced Cosmetic Procedures

Deborah Jones

Owner & Founder - Positive Pathways

Deborah has over twenty years experience as a hands on therapist, Lecturer and now Author of Electrolysis The Business. Her book has been written as a guide while students are studying for Level 3 VTCT Certificate in Electrolysis. Its also a great reference for blend settings and Base to Bulge® destruction.

You are in safe hands when looking for an advanced practitioner, her passion for electrolysis and constant commitment to client well being gives hope to anyone suffering from unwanted facial hair, with the permanent hair removal solution offered.

Deborah has been active member of the BIAE  (British Institute & Association of Electrolysis) for a number of years, and feels it is important to be associated with such an incredible organisation.

She keeps up to date with the latest skills and maintains a very high standard. Her knowledge and expertise are second to none………


Electrolysis is commonly know for unwanted hair removal, however now becoming increasingly popular for treating the following conditions.

Here is a list of all conditions that can be treated with advanced electrolysis (ACP)

  • Thread veins
  • Varicose veins and spider veins
  • Age Spot Removal
  • Xanthelasma
  • SkinTags
  • Milia
  • Warts
  • Seborrhoeic Keratosis
  • Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra
  • Campbell de Morgan (red blood spots)
  • Hairs from moles ( with doctors letter to confirm the mole is safe to treat)

15 minutes £45
30 minutes £75
60 minutes £120


Skin Tag Removal

Skin Tags are also known as an acrochordon, cutaneous papilloma, cutaneous tag, fibroepithelial polyp, fibroma molluscum, fibroma pendulum, papilloma colli, soft fibroma, and Templeton skin tag, is a small tag of skin which may have a peduncle (stalk) – they look like a small piece of soft, hanging skin.

Skin tags can appear on any part of the body (skin), but most typically can occur in areas where skin may rub against skin, such as the:

  • Eyelids
  • Axillae (armpits)
  • Under the breasts
  • Groin
  • Upper chest
  • Neck.

Skin tags are invariably benign – non cancerous – tumours of the skin which cause no symptoms, unless it is repeatedly rubbed or scratched, as may happen with clothing, jewellery, or when shaving. Very large skin tags may burst under pressure.

Skin tags are composed of a core of fibres’ and ducts, nerve cells, fat cells, and a covering of epidermis.

Some people are more susceptible to tags, either because of their overweight, partly due to heredity, and often for unknown reasons. People with diabetes and pregnant women tend to be more prone to skin tags. Dermatologists say that skin tags affect males and females equally.

Some people may have had skin tags and never noticed them – they would have rubbed or fallen off painlessly. In most cases, however, they do not fall off.
The surface of skin tags may be smooth or irregular in appearance, they are often raised from the surface of the skin on fleshy peduncles (stalks). They are usually flesh-coloured or slightly brownish.

Initially they are quite small, flattened like a pinhead bump. Skin tags can range in diameter from 2mm to 1cm; some may even reach 5cm.
As skin tags more commonly occur in skin creases or fold, it is believed they are mainly caused by skin rubbing against skin.

Skin tags are very common and generally occur after midlife. They are said to be caused by bunches of collagen and blood vessels which are trapped inside thicker bits of skin.
They are believed to be the result of skin rubbing against skin. That is why they are generally found in skin creases and folds.
Risk factors – a risk factor is something which increases the likelihood of developing a condition or disease. For example, obesity significantly raises the risk of developing diabetes type 2. Therefore, obesity is a risk factor for diabetes type 2

Skin Tags are more common in:

  • People who are overweight and obese, probably because they have more skin folds and creases
  • Pregnant women – most likely because of the hormones secreted
  • Individuals with diabetes
  • People with the human papilloma virus (low-risk HPV6 and 11)
  • Illegal steroid use – they interfere with the body and muscles, causing the collagen fibres’ in the skin to bond, allowing skin tags to be formed.

According to the NIH (National Institutes of Health), USA, approximately 46% of people have skin tags.

A causal genetic component is thought to exist, i.e. susceptibility may be genetic. People with close family members who have skin tags are more likely to develop them themselves.

Skin tags are rarely associated with:

  • Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome.

 Written by Christian Nordqvist

Copyright: Medical News Today

Thread vein/dilated capillary removal also Know as Telangietasia

Thread veins, Broken Capillaries or Telangiectasia, are the small red or blue unsightly spider like veins which can appear at various sites on the body, most commonly on the face and legs. There are currently three main methods available to treat thread veins; Laser therapy, Sclerotherapy (for the legs) and then Electrolysis (thermolysis) this has a cauterising effect.

Thread veins are caused by a variety of factors including exposure to the SUN, wind and extremes of temperature. Steroid creams and the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can also induce them. It can also be genetic, some individuals are more prone to develop thread veins than others.

Electrolysis (Thermolysis) can be used to clear most thread veins on the face. Laser therapy is less effective. However, some veins will not respond to either treatment.

Thermolysis Electrolysis is an alternating (High frequency) current, which produces heat at the tip of the needle to cauterise the thread veins. The procedure is uncomfortable, however has an immediate effect, cappillaries disappear while causing minimal damage to the skin surface (epidermis). All that may remain is an erythema (redness) of the skin that disappears to leave a micro-crust (a bit like salt granules) which disappear usually in a matter of weeks.

The treated veins will appear more prominent for a week or two until the healing has taken place. It is so IMPORTANT during the healing  to STAY OUT of direct SUNSHINE to prevent pigmentation forming in the area.

Wart Removal

Here at Positive Pathways we offer removal of warts using (ACP) Advanced Cosmetic Procedures.ACP is a procedure using is an electrical current to cauterise the blood supply to the wart, resulting in destruction of the virus infected cells in the area. The number of treatments required depends on the size of the wart.

Warts can seem harmless growths that appear from nowhere.
Common warts are actually an infection in the top layer of skin, caused by viruses in the human papillomavirus, or HPV, family. When the virus invades this outer layer of skin, usually through a tiny scratch, it causes rapid growth of cells on the outer layer of skin – creating the WART………

“HPV is ubiquitous,” says dermatologist Conway Huang, MD, an associate professor of dermatologic surgery and cutaneous laser surgery at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. “We all come in contact with it,” throughout our lives, such as when shaking hands, turning doorknobs, or typing on keyboards.

Scientists have identified more than 100 unique types of the virus. And most people will have at least one common wart at sometime in their lives, usually on their hands.

Certain forms of the virus are more likely to cause skin warts on the hands. Other forms of HPV are more likely to cause genital warts, although some strains of the virus can cause both.

If you have any type of skin wart, it means that you came in contact with a wart-causing virus sometime in the past, though it could have been months ago.

“People get warts from other people with warts, they don’t get them from frogs and toads,” says Robert Brodell, MD, a dermatologist in Warren, Ohio. “The most common way is direct skin-to-skin contact, such as shaking hands with someone who has warts on their hand. You can also get the virus from inanimate objects, like towels that have been used by someone with a wart.”

The viruses are more likely to cause warts when they come in contact with skin that is damaged or cut. Getting a small scrape or biting fingernails may bring on warts. Similarly, cuts and nicks from shaving can provide an avenue for infection. This explains why men may have warts in the beard area, while women often have them appear on the legs.

Since everyone encounters the viruses that cause warts, why do some people get skin warts while others do not? Doctors aren’t sure, but they believe that certain individuals have immune systems that are more able to fight off the viruses and prevent warts from growing.

For example, children get skin warts much more often than adults. This is probably because their immune systems have not yet built a strong defense against the numerous strains of human papillomavirus that they will encounter over their lifetimes.

Also, just as some people are more likely to get posion ivy, the genetic make-ups and immune systems of certain individuals make them more susceptible to the viruses that cause skin warts.

It is also common to see warts on multiple siblings in the same family. And children of people who had skin warts as children are often quite susceptible to skin warts themselves, Brodell tells WebMD.

Still, experts have yet to determine exactly what is different in the immune systems of people who get skin warts frequently.

If you are someone who frequently gets common skin warts, it is important to focus on prevention and treat your skin warts promptly when they do appear.
The first way to prevent skin warts is to avoid coming into contact with the virus:
• Be sure you WASH YOUR HANDS thoroughly and regularly.
• If you work out at a gym, make sure that you clean equipment before use with a clean towel.
• Protect yourself in the gym locker room and shower by wearing rubber flip-flops or sandals.
The second way to prevent skin warts is to keep your skin as cut- and nick-free as possible.

“Try to keep skin healthy and moisturised to avoid having open cuts or fissures in the skin, which would provide a portal for the virus to get into the skin,” says Sandra Johnson, MD, a dermatologist in Fort Smith, Ark.
If you suffer from skin warts on your fingers and you’re prone to biting your FINGERNAILS or pulling on hangnails, it’s in your best interest to quit the habit. Also, when shaving, be sure to use a sharp razor that won’t tear or cut your skin.

If you do get skin warts, it’s time to act quickly.
“The most important thing when you see a wart is getting rid of it immediately,” Brodell says. Warts can spread on your body if left untreated.
“Every wart is a mother wart that can have babies,” says Brodell. “You need to get rid of all visible warts whenever they appear so you don’t have more spread.”

Copy Right:  Skin Problems & Treatments Health Centre


Milia are epidermal keratin cysts amd may occur as a result of trauma to the skin. They appear as little hard white lumps, almost like pearly white lumps and range from 1 to 3mm in diameter. They are also thought to occur more commonly where there is an increased acidity (as a result of dry skin), or resulting from taking too much vitamin C (which also result in creased acidity).

They are more commonly found on the Cheeks, around the eyes, on the eyelids and even in the lashes.

Milia is removed using an electrical current, normal only requiring one treatment!

Seborrhoeic Keratosis

Also Known as Seborrhoeic Warts, Basal Cell Papilloma. They occur with age and can also be hereditary. They increase in number and size with age and in some cases there may be hundreds.

They are most common on the tunk area, but also occur on the face, back of the hands and forearms.


They range from being being non-pigmented to golden, dark brown and can look almost black. The surface is cleft and quite crusty to touch. It looks as if its been stuck on to the skin…… 


Xanthelasma are soft or hard yellow patches on the inside corners of your eyelids. They’re made up of cholestrol that’s under your skin. They are harmless, if you’re bothered by the way they look, we offer a treatments that can get rid of them.

You may have high levels of cholesterol or other fats in your blood. It’s also possible to get it even if your cholestrol levels are normal.

Most people with xanthelasma are middle aged or older. It’s more common in women than in men.

Xanthelasma is most common in people whose families are from Asia or the Mediterranean.

Your xanthelasma usually won’t go away on its own. The growths will either stay the same size or get bigger over time.

If you’re worried about your appearance, you can have these growths taken off. We can remove xanthelasma using an electrical current (Advanced Cosmetic Procedure)

Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra

Age Spots

Age spots are usually harmless and have a flat brown,  gray, or black surface on the skin, also called liver spots or sun spots, any changes to the age spots such as an increase in size, sensitivity, itching, bleeding or change in colour, then they should be checked by a doctor as they might be a more serious skin condition.

They are caused by an accumulation of a yellow pigment called lipofuscin, this happens in the connective tissues of the body. Skin ageing, sun exposure, or use of sun-beds, are the general causes. You will find them on areas of the skin that have been over exposed to the sun including:

  • face
  • the back of your hands
  • shoulders
  • forearms

People of any age, sex, or race can develop age spots. However, age spots are more common in people with certain risk factors. These include:

  • Over 40’s
  • fair skin
  • Excessive sun exposure
  • Excessive sun bed use

Age spots can range from light brown to black in colour, will feel smooth to touch and cause no pain, BUT are unsightly and can cause a feeling of stress.

At Positive Pathways we remove age spots using advanced electrolysis with a short wave diathermy electrical current to lift the pigmented area from the skin surface.